The overall level of green development in "One Belt And One Road" countries has improved significantly over the past decade, but there is still a clear gap compared with Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, according to the research conclusion of the Green Development Index for the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) unveiled at Renmin University on Nov 9.
China`s GDI rose from 57.2 in 2006 to 65.7 in 2015, is one of the fastest growing countries, according to figures released by the research conclusion. The significant improvement of China`s GDI is closely related to the great efforts China has made in promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy utilization in recent years.
The study aims to identify the key areas and technical demands for promoting BRI green development, sum up the main gaps between countries and their causes, so as to point out the direction for BRI countries to cooperate in promoting green development.
An indicator system for comprehensive assessment of the green development level of BRI countries with 20 core indicators was created by BRI Green Development Index Research Group to calculate the comprehensive BRI green development index (GDI).
The GDI framework consists of three sub-indexes of natural assets, green technologies and development outcomes. Under the framework, a database is established in support of the index system. It covers 98 countries, including 65 countries under the BRI, China, the Organization for OECD countries, as well as BRI-relevant countries.
The average GDI of BRI countries increased from 52.0 in 2006 to 54.9 in 2015, with a growth rate of 5.6 percent. In the same period, the average GDI of OECD countries increased from 65.6 in 2006 to 68.4 in 2015, with a growth rate of 4.2 percent, the research conclusion stated.
The study conducted by the BRI Green Development Index research Group of Renmin University, echoes the spirit of the Belt and Road Summit held in May 2017 where President Xi Jinping advocated that countries should jointly pursue green development, strengthen cooperation among countries in ecological conservation and environmental protection in order to achieve a common goal of sustainable development by 2030.
BRI green development has great significance both for the successful implementation of BRI and for world`s green & low carbon transition as well as successful of global Sustainable Development Goals. There is great potential for China and Belt and Road countries to cooperate in green development.